APHID (PLANT LICE)

CLASSIFICATION OF APHID (PLANT LICE)

KINGDOM :- ANIMALIA (Multicellular eukaryotic organisms)

PHYLUM :- ARTHROPODA (Jointed appendages.)

CLASS :- INSECTA (3 pairs of legs.)

ORDER :- HEMIPTERA (Metamorphosis gradual.)

FAMILY :- APHIDOIDEA 

GENUS :- Aphid (Plant lice)

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION

  • They occur specially on mustard, wheat and cotton plants.

HABIT AND HABITAT

  • Aphid is a small insect infecting every kind of plant, sucking the juice. It presents peculiar feature, i.e. adaptation to parasitic mode of life.

APHID DIAGRAM (PLANT LICE) INSECT ARTHROPODA

GENERAL CHARACTERSTICS OF APHID (PLANT LICE)

  • Commonly called as plant lice.
  • These insects are easily distinguished by the rounded body form and a pair of siphons. They are dull yellow, green or black coloured insects. 
  • Body is short divided into head, thorax and abdomen. 
  • Head is distinct with long straight antennae, small compound eyes and long thread like mouth parts extruded from a short proboscis. 
  • Mouth parts are of sucking and piercing type.
  • Thorax and elongated abdominal robut. 
  • Abdomen contains a pair of elongated wax secreting tube or cormidia. 
  • Labial proboscis extend to anterior coxi.
  • Spiracles in pairs. 
  • Their life cycle is very complex involving asexual and sexual phases and both winged and wingless forms.
APHID (PLANT LICE) INSECT ARTHROPODA

ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE

  • Harmful insects. Aphids are economically important. Aphids destroy mustard and wheat crops and also cotton plants. Certain they use aphids as ‘ant cows’. They nurse ants and strike them gently, while they are feeding and thus ‘milk’ them of a sweet juice called honey dew. Certain aphids show hyperparasitism. They live inside the body of other aphids.

SPECIAL FEATURES

  • The females are as a general rule parthenogenetic producing eggs and young ones without intervention of males. The question arises as to how they are able to carry genetic constitution and genetic continuity.

IDENTIFICATION

  • The insect has elongated antennae and all above features, hence it is Aphid.

APHID (PLANT LICE) INSECT ARTHROPODA
APHID (PLANT LICE) INSECT ARTHROPODA
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