BARBUS SARANA : MINNOW

Phylum :- CHORDATA ( Notochord and dorsal tubular nerve cord present and gill-slits present).

Group :- CRANIATA ( Cranium with brain present ).

Subphylum :- VERTEBRATA (Vertebral column present ).

Division :- GNATHOSTOMATA ( Jaws and paired appendages present ).

Super class :- PISCES (Paired fins , gills and skin with scales)

Class :- OSTEICHTHYES ( Bony fishes ).

SUB-CLASS :- ACTINOPTYERGII ( Ray finned fish ).

SUPER ORDER :- TELEOISTEI ( Bony fish proper).

Order :- CYPRINIFORMES ( Anterior vertebrae fused. Webrian ossicles present between air bladder and ear).

Family :- CYPRININAE (Jaws toothless, Teeth in pharynx. )

GENUS :- Barbus

SPECIES :- sarana

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION

  • Barbus is distributed in Myanmar and India.

HABIT AND HABITAT

  •  Barbus is a common fresh-water fish of ponds, lakes and rivers.
BARBUS SARANA

GENERAL CHARACTERSTICS OF BARBUS SARANA : MINNOW

  • Commonly called as Minnow or carp.
  • Body of the fish is covered with large scales and is divided into head, trunk and tail.
  •  Head has an upward mouth without inner fold, small barbels, large eyes without adipose eye lid and devoid of scales. Head contains nostril.
  • Lips thin without plicae or papillae; upper jaw bordered only by premaxillae.
  • Pharyngeal teeth in one to three rows, never more than eight teeth in anyone row.
  • ProfIle of the back is elevated. Inter-orbital space convex. Operculum and lateral line present.
  • Fins are whitish or yellowish. Dorsal fin is opposite to anal fin and contains spine-like rays. Caudal fin forked. Pectoral and ventral fins present.
  • Operculum is stout with golden colour.
  • Air bladder divided into right and left lobes by a constriction and enclosed in an osseous capsule.

ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE

  •  The fish is used as food. The flesh of the fish is very rich in nutrition and well flavoured.

IDENTIFICATION

  •  This fish has scaleless head, simple lips and above features, hence it is Barbus.
BARBUS SARANA : MINNOW
BARBUS SARANA : MINNOW

REFERENCES

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