CAVERNULARIA

CLASSIFICATION OF CAVERNULARIA

PHYLUM :- COELENTRATA OR CNIDARIA (Tissue grade, diploblastic and acoelomate. )

CLASS :- ANTHOZOA OR ACTINOZOA (Only polypoid generation. sedentary, solitary, colonial.)

SUB-CLASS :- OCTOCORALLIA (Polyps with 8 tentacles, bioluminescent.)

ORDER :- PENNATULACEA (Colony dimorphic with a long axial polyp and many lateral polyps.)

FAMILY :- VERETILLIDAE 

GENUS :- Cavernularia

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION

  • Found along the Atlantic coast.

HABIT AND HABITAT

  • Cavernularia is a marine, dimorphic and colonial form.

CAVERNULARIA

GENERAL CHARACTERSTICS OF CAVERNULARIA

  • Body is divided into a proximal stalk or stem or Peduncle which is divide of anthocodia or polyp and a distal part having polyps. 
  • Distal part is called as rachis which is covered by perisarc. 
  • Pigmentation is blue, violet, yellow and green.
  • It is the primitive genus in which the rachis is stout radially symmetrical, cylindrical or club-shaped. 
  • Anthozooids and siphonozooids are distributed over the whole surface of the rachis. 
  • Coenenchyme or coenosarc is fleshy and is traversed by coenoceral canals containing long spicules.
CAVERNULARIA

SPECIAL FEATURES

  • Cavernularia is bioluminescent coelenterate. It produces light without heat.

IDENTIFICATION

  • The animal’s body is divided into stem and rachis and contains all above parts, hence it is Cavernularia.

CAVERNULARIA
CAVERNULARIA
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