CICADA

CLASSIFICATION OF CICADA

KINGDOM :- ANIMALIA (Multicellular eukaryotic organisms)

PHYLUM :- ARTHROPODA (Jointed appendages.)

CLASS :- INSECTA (3 pairs of legs.)

ORDER :- HEMIPTERA (Metamorphosis gradual.)

FAMILY :- CICADOIDEA

GENUS :- CICADA

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION

  • It is found in tropical, sub-tropical and temperate forests. It is specially found in India, Europe and America.

HABIT AND HABITAT

  • Cicadas are dependent upon trees for food and occur most abundantly in forests and well wooded moist localities

CICADA DIAGRAM INSECT ARTHROPODA

GENERAL CHARACTERSTICS OF CICADA

  • Cicada is a large insect with entirely membranous wings and 3 sub-contiguous ocelli and measuring one to several inches. 
  • Body is divided into head, thorax and abdomen all well developed.
  • Head is broad, having 2 lateral well developed compound eyes and 2 short antennae. 
  • Thorax is composed of prothorax, mesothorax and metathorax. 
  • Wings are large, often coloured and lie at an angle over the abdomen. 
  • Abdomen is elongated and 10 segmented and is broadly jointed to thorax. 
  • Sound production and breeding habits are peculiar. 
  • Sound is produced by the male only, which has a drum-like apparatus, called as aedeagus. Cicada is capable of producing loud, shrill, vibrating sound, supposed to be sexual call. The sound can be compared to knife-grinder or even a railway whistle. 
  • Life cycle is completed in 2 to 17 years. 
  • Nymph burrows in soil, feeds on plants and emerges adult after 2 to 17 years and hence it is often called as ‘seventeen-year locust’.
CICADA INSECT ARTHROPODA

ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE

  • The ovipositing females may cause serious damage to the twigs and branches of fruit and hardwood trees.

IDENTIFICATION

  • The insect has membranous wings and all above features, hence it is Cicada.

CICADA INSECT ARTHROPODA
CICADA INSECT ARTHROPODA
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