CLASSIFICATION OF DASYPUS : ARMADILLO
PHYLUM :- CHORDATA (Notochord, dorsal tubular nerve cord present and gill slits present )
Group :- CRANIATA ( Definite head. Cranium with brain present )
Sub-phylum :- VERTEBRATA ( vertebral column present)
Division :- GNATHOSTOMATA ( Jaws and paired appendages present )
Super class :- TETRAPODA ( Paired limbs, lungs, bony skeleton and cornified skin).
Class :-MAMMALIA ( Body covered with hairs. females have mammary glands ).
Sub-class :- THERIA ( Viviparous ).
Infra class :- EUTHERIA ( Placental mammals, vagina single ).
Order :- EDENTATA ( Teeth reduced to molars. Toes clawed ).
Genus :- . Dasypus
All armadillos live in Central and South America.
HABIT AND HABITAT
Armadillos are not social creatures and spend most of their time sleeping. They usually sleep up to 16 hours each day in burrows, During the morning and evenings, they forage for food. Armadillos are omnivores, which means they eat meat and plants,
GENERAL CHARACTERSTICS OF DASYPUS : ARMADILLO
- Commonly called as nine-banded armadillo.
- Body 75 cm long and divisible into head, trunk, tail and abdomen.
- Body covered with well developed dermal skeleton of bony scutes arranged in transverse bands.
- Bony scutes are covered with bony plates or scales having hairs and flexible skin.Head contains, eyes, nostrils and bony scutes. Conical ears prominent. Head is produced into snout.
- In genus Dasypus, there has been extra-ordinary secondary specialization in the production of identical quadruplets in Dasypus novemcincta and 8-12 in D. hybrida.
- Forelimbs and hind limbs hairy.
- The prolonged period of gestation of 18 weeks in D. novemcincta probably reduces the dependence of the neonatal young on lactation.
- Armadillos have a wide range of colors. They can be pink, red, black, gray or yellow.
- After a gestation period of two to five months, the female will give birth to one to 12 young in a birthing burrow.
Armadillos are characterized by a leathery armour shell and long sharp claws for digging. They have short legs, but can move quite quickly.
This animal has transverse bands and above features, hence it is called as Dasypus.
- Book of Practical Zoology VERTEBRATE by S.S.LAL – Rastogi Publications.
- SOURCES OF IMAGES-https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&url=https%3A%2F%2Fen.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FArmadillo&psig=AOvVaw2cJGc6T_PfflZFkn-Uv1Fs& ust=1602856879167 000&source=images &cd=vfe&ved=2ahU KEwib7MSo4bbsAh UfCrcAHeHwBKYQr 4kDegUIARCeAQ
- https://www.google. com/url? sa=i&url=https%3A %2F%2Fwww.nps.go v%2Fcuis%2Flearn% 2Fnature%2Farmadi llos.htm&psig=AOvV aw2cJGc6T_PfflZFk n- Uv1Fs&ust=1602856 879167000&source= images&cd=vfe&ved =2ahUKEwib7MSo4 bbsAhUfCrcAHeHw BKYQr4kDegUIARC oAQ
- https://www.google.com/url? sa=i&url=https%3A %2F%2Fwww.pinter est.com%2Fpin%2F5 2846995605657733 %2F&psig=AOvVaw 2cJGc6T_PfflZFkn-Uv1Fs&ust=1602856 879167000&source= images&cd=vfe&ved =2ahUKEwib7MSo4 bbsAhUfCrcAHeHw BKYQr4kDegUIARC1AQ