CLASSIFICATION OF FAVIA
KINGDOM :- ANIMALIA ( Multicellular eukaryotic organisms)
PHYLUM :- COELENTRATA OR CNIDARIA (Tissue grade, diploblastic and acoelomate. )
CLASS :- ANTHOZOA OR ACTINOZOA (Only polypoid generation. sedentary, solitary, colonial.)
SUB-CLASS :- HEXACORALLIA (Tentacles and mesenteries in multiple of five or six.)
ORDER :- SCLERACTINIA (Stony corals with compact calcareous exoskeleton.)
FAMILY :- FAVIIDAE (Stony coral)
GENUS :- Favia
It is common in West Indies and Florida
HABIT AND HABITAT
Favia is a marine, colonial reef building stony coral.
GENERAL CHARACTERSTICS OF FAVIA
- Thick stony skeleton is formed by calcareous or calcium carbonate skeleton.
- Coenenchyme is produced by calcified coenosarc, which also forms corallites or zooids.
- Surface of the body contains closely-placed polygonal cups or theca.
- Thecae of the cups are very closed set together having common walls.
- It is imperforate or poreless coral, like Astraea.
- Favia has long fossil history. It originated in Jurassic period and is still living successfully.
Besides above characters the animal has characteristic polygonal cups and all above features, hence it is Favia.