CLASSIFICATION OF EQUUS FUNAMBULUS (SQUIRREL)​

PHYLUM :- CHORDATA (Notochord, dorsal tubular nerve cord present and gill slits present)

GROUP :- CRANIATA (Definite head. Cranium with brain present)

SUB-PHYLUM :- VERTEBRATA (vertebral column present)

DIVISION :- GNATHOSTOMATA ( Jaws and paired appendages present)

SUPER CLASS :-  TETRAPODA ( Paired limbs, lungs, bony skeleton and cornified skin).

CLASS :- MAMMALIA ( Body covered with hairs. females have mammary glands).

SUB-CLASS :- THERIA (Viviparous).

ORDER :- RODENTIA (Having one pair of upper incisors).

FAMILY :- SCIURIDAE

GENUS :- Funambulus

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION

  • Funambulus has world-wide distribution. It is found on all continents and islands. 

HABIT AND HABITAT

  • It lives on trees, ground and is fast runner. It feeds on fruits and seeds. It builds nest of twigs and leaves. It is diurnal.

FUNAMBULUS (SQUIRREL)​ DIAGRAM

GENERAL CHARACTERSTICS OF FUNAMBULUS (SQUIRREL)​

  • “Funambulus” is the Latin word for “rope-dancer”.
  • Commonly called as squirrel and in Hindi Gilahari.
  • Body contains three white and grey stripes on dorsal side, absent on neck. Body divisible into head, neck, trunk or back, chest, abdomen and tail. 
  • Ventral side and limbs covered by small grey hairs.
  • Head contains snout with moustaches nostrils, large eyes and well developed pinnae. 
  • Forelimbs and hind limbs well developed with clawed toes. Tail elongated and bushy. 
  • Incisors exposed chisel-like, rootless, grow continuously, gap between incisors and cheek teeth, canine absent and upper and lower cheek teeth about equal size. Palate narrow.
  • Elbow joint rotates. 
  • Squirrel is also used for experimental purposes. It is largely used in cancerous studies.
  • Squirrel destroys fruit crops.
FUNAMBULUS (SQUIRREL)​
FUNAMBULUS (SQUIRREL)​

IDENTIFICATION

  •  This mammal has bushy tail, stripes and above features, hence it is Squirrel (Funambulus ).
FUNAMBULUS (SQUIRREL)​
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