CLASSIFICATION OF FUNGIA

KINGDOM :- ANIMALIA ( Multicellular eukaryotic organisms)

PHYLUM :- COELENTRATA OR CNIDARIA (Tissue grade, diploblastic and acoelomate. )

CLASS :- ANTHOZOA OR ACTINOZOA (Only polypoid generation. sedentary, solitary, colonial.)

SUB-CLASS :- HEXACORALLIA (Tentacles and mesenteries in multiple of five or six.)

ORDER :-  SCLERACTINIA (Stony corals with compact calcareous exoskeleton.)

FAMILY :- FUNGIIDAE (Solitary organisms with multiple mouths or a colony of individuals, each with its separate mouth)

GENUS :- Fungia

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION

  • It is found in warm seas, generally in the Gulf of California.

HABIT AND HABITAT

  • Fungia is a solitary and marine coral.

FUNGIA

GENERAL CHARACTERSTICS OF FUNGIA

  • Commonly known as Mushroom coral.
  • It is found in sizes from 5 mm to 25 cm in diameter.
  • It is discoidal, mushroom-shaped. with upper convex and lower concave surfaces having thecae. 
  • Discoidal corallite contains numerous septa connected together by a calcareous rod, known as synapticula. 
  • Adult animal contains a single large polyp with numerous tentacles. 
  • Animal lies loose on the bottom of sea or fastened below by a stalk. 
  • Siphonoglyphs are absent. Study of Museum Specimens 
  • Life history includes cup-shaped planula which metamorphoses into adult. Fungia continues to give off ordinary buds throughout life. 
  • It has long fossil history. It originated in tertiary period and is living successfully.
FUNGIA

IDENTIFICATION

  • The animal is mushroom shaped, has whitish septa and all above characters, hence it is Fungia.

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