CLASSIFICATION OF JULUS (MILLIPEDE)
KINGDOM :- ANIMALIA (Multicellular eukaryotic organisms)
PHYLUM :- ARTHROPODA (Jointed appendages.)
CLASS :- DIPLOPODA (Two pairs of legs in each body segment. Herbivorous (Millipedes).)
ORDER :- JULIDA (Both pairs of legs on the 7th body segment of males are modified into gonopods.)
FAMILY :- JULIDAE
GENUS :- Julus (The wire worm or Millipede)
It has cosmopolitan distribution found in India, U.S.A. and Europe.
HABIT AND HABITAT
Julus is also tropical, found in dark and damp places in meadows and gardens under stones and bark of dead trees. The animal is rolled up under stones. It is herbivorous. It also burrows into the soil to feed on the roots of the living plants to which it causes great damage.
GENERAL CHARACTERSTICS OF JULUS (MILLIPEDE)
- Commonly called as wire worm or Millipede.
- Body of the animal is differentiated into head, thorax and abdomen.
- Head is covered by cephalic shields bent downwards. Head appendages are 7 jointed delicate antennae, groups of ocelli, mandibles, obscured by gnathochilarium. Antennae on the sides of the head.
- Thorax has four segments and each of the last three segments is provided with one pair of walking legs.
- Abdominal segments are double, each having one tergum, two small sterna, two pairs of walking legs and two pairs of obscure spiracles.
- Sides of most terga have dark openings of odoriferous glands, secreting noxious substance.
- Animal moves very slow in spite of its so many legs. The colour may be yellowish brown or reddish-chestnut.
- There is no tracheal system.
The animal contains two pairs of short legs and all above features hence it is Julus. Myroglutus is another millipede