MELANOPLUS (GRASSHOPPER)​

CLASSIFICATION OF MELANOPLUS (GRASSHOPPER)​

KINGDOM :- ANIMALIA (Multicellular eukaryotic organisms)

PHYLUM :- ARTHROPODA (Jointed appendages.)

CLASS :- INSECTA (3 pairs of legs.)

ORDER :-   ORTHOPTERA (Straight wings.)

FAMILY :- PYRGOMORPHIDAE (Wings develop externally. )

GENUS :- Melanoplus

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION

  • Species are found in Africa, India, Indo-China, Malesia through to Papua New Guinea.

HABIT AND HABITAT

  • Melanoplus is commonly found in green fields and trees and hence green coloured

MELANOPLUS (GRASSHOPPER)​ DIAGRAM ARTHROPODA

GENERAL CHARACTERSTICS OF MELANOPLUS (GRASSHOPPER)​

  • Commonly known as grasshopper.
  • Body is differentiated into head, thorax and abdomen. 
  • Head contains chewing mouth parts with large compound eyes and elongated backwardly directed antennules. Pronotum although large is not noticeably elongated.
  • Thorax is divided into proihorax, mesothorax and metathorax having foreleg, middle leg and hind leg respectively.
  • Hind legs are modified for jumping and leaping and are called as Saltatoral legs. 
  • Thorax contains 2 pairs of wings. Forewings are opaque called as tegmen while hind wings are . membraneous.
  • Female has a long ovipositor. Eggs are laid in groups. 
  • Auditory organs are tympanum having stridulating organs. 
  • Abdomen contains 11 segments, each having a pair of spiracular opening in ventrolateral position. 
  • Nymphs are wingless.
MELANOPLUS (GRASSHOPPER)​ ARTHROPODA

ECONOMIC STATUS

  • Harmful insect destroying agricultural crops.

IDENTIFICATION

  • The insect contains jumping legs and all above features hence it is Melanoplus.

MELANOPLUS (GRASSHOPPER)​ ARTHROPODA
MELANOPLUS (GRASSHOPPER)​ ARTHROPODA
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