CLASSIFICATION OF MELOLONTHA (BEETLE)
KINGDOM :- ANIMALIA (Multicellular eukaryotic organisms)
PHYLUM :- ARTHROPODA (Jointed appendages.)
CLASS :- INSECTA (3 pairs of legs.)
ORDER :- COLEOPTERA (Wings develop internally.)
FAMILY :- SCARABAEIDAE
GENUS :- Melolontha (Beetle)
It has wide distribution but specially occurs in India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Srilanka. .
HABIT AND HABITAT
Melolontha is a terrestrial and burrowings insect.
GENERAL CHARACTERSTICS OF MELOLONTHA (BEETLE)
- Commonly called as beetle.
- Body is black coloured having leathery and horny integument.
- Body division consists of head, thorax and abdomen. Study of Museum Specimens head
- Head is bent or flexed ventrally, containing large compound eyes and a pairs of long antennae having a series of overlapping plates at distal ends.
- Mouth parts are of chewing type.
- Thorax has strong chitinised pronotum and pleural sclerites.
- Prothorax is large, firmly attached to the head, but articulated with the mesothorax.
- Abdomen has 10 segments but only 7 sternal and 8 tergal plates are visible. The posterior abdominal segment is reduced and it contains chitinous aedeagus (penis).
- Wings are two pairs. Forewings are modified into horny or leathery elytra and when at rest almost always meet to form a straight, mid-dorsal structure. The venation of the wings is reduced. Hind wings are membranous and are usually folded beneath the elytra.
- No cerci and no true ovipositor.
Some beetle, like buffalo carpet beetle, is a common household pest, which feeds on wool, fur, rugs and other clothes. Various species of the beetles act as intermediate host for nematode parasites of domesticated animals.
The insect contains has peculiar elytra and all above features, hence it is Melolontha.