CLASSIFICATION OF MELOLONTHA (BEETLE​)

KINGDOM :- ANIMALIA (Multicellular eukaryotic organisms)

PHYLUM :- ARTHROPODA (Jointed appendages.)

CLASS :- INSECTA (3 pairs of legs.)

ORDER :- COLEOPTERA (Wings develop internally.)

FAMILY :- SCARABAEIDAE

GENUS :- Melolontha (Beetle)

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION

  • It has wide distribution but specially occurs in India, Malaysia, Myanmar, Srilanka. .

HABIT AND HABITAT

  • Melolontha is a terrestrial and burrowings insect.

MELOLONTHA (BEETLE​) DIAGRAM INSECT ARTHROPODA

GENERAL CHARACTERSTICS OF MELOLONTHA (BEETLE​)

  • Commonly called as beetle.
  • Body is black coloured having leathery and horny integument.
  • Body division consists of head, thorax and abdomen. Study of Museum Specimens head
  • Head is bent or flexed ventrally, containing large compound eyes and a pairs of long antennae having a series of overlapping plates at distal ends.
  • Mouth parts are of chewing type.
  • Thorax has strong chitinised pronotum and pleural sclerites. 
  • Prothorax is large, firmly attached to the head, but articulated with the mesothorax. 
  • Abdomen has 10 segments but only 7 sternal and 8 tergal plates are visible. The posterior abdominal segment is reduced and it contains chitinous aedeagus (penis). 
  • Wings are two pairs. Forewings are modified into horny or leathery elytra and when at rest almost always meet to form a straight, mid-dorsal structure. The venation of the wings is reduced. Hind wings are membranous and are usually folded beneath the elytra. 
  • No cerci and no true ovipositor.
MELOLONTHA (BEETLE​) INSECT ARTHROPODA

ECONOMIC STATUS

  • Some beetle, like buffalo carpet beetle, is a common household pest, which feeds on wool, fur, rugs and other clothes. Various species of the beetles act as intermediate host for nematode parasites of domesticated animals.

IDENTIFICATION

  • The insect contains has peculiar elytra and all above features, hence it is Melolontha.

MELOLONTHA (BEETLE​) INSECT ARTHROPODA
MELOLONTHA (BEETLE​) INSECT ARTHROPODA
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