CLASSIFICATION OF MONTASTRAEA OR STONY CORAL

KINGDOM :- ANIMALIA ( Multicellular eukaryotic organisms)

PHYLUM :- COELENTRATA OR CNIDARIA (Tissue grade, diploblastic and acoelomate. )

CLASS :- ANTHOZOA OR ACTINOZOA (Only polypoid generation. sedentary, solitary, colonial.)

SUB-CLASS :- HEXACORALLIA (Tentacles and mesenteries in multiple of five or six.)

ORDER :-  SCLERACTINIA (Stony corals with compact calcareous exoskeleton.)

FAMILY :- MONTASTRAEIDAE (Great star coral )

GENUS :- Montastraea

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION

  • Found in U.S.A.; Florida and California.

HABIT AND HABITAT

  • Montastraea is a marine colonial, hexacorallian coelenterate coral.

MONTASTRAEA OR STONY CORAL

GENERAL CHARACTERSTICS OF MONTASTRAEA OR STONY CORAL

  • Commonly called as stony coral or star coral. 
  • Contains ectodermal, calcareous or calcium carbonate skeleton, called as corallium.
  • Colony is compact and massive produced by buds, growing more or less parallel with each other. 
  • Skeleton is very hard like stone.
  • Surface of the body contains closely-placed cups or corallites containing polyps. 
  • Zooids are separated by a solid coenosarc. 
  • Coenenchyma is produced by calcification of coenosarc which also gives rise to corallites. Corallites lie in close contact with each other. 
  • montastraea is a poreless coral reproducing by gemmation, fissiparous division and budding.
MONTASTRAEA OR STONY CORAL

IDENTIFICATION

  • The animal contains hardened calcification and closely fitted caps for polyps and all above characters and hence it is Montastraea.

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MONTASTRAEA OR STONY CORAL
MONTASTRAEA OR STONY CORAL
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