CLASSIFICATION OF MYA (MUD CLAM)​

KINGDOM :- ANIMALIA (Multicellular eukaryotic organisms)

PHYLUM :- MOLLUSCA (Unsegmented bilaterally symmetrical and provided with visceral mass, foot and mantle.)

CLASS :- PELECYPODA OR BIVALVIA (Bivalve shell.)

ORDER :- MYIDA (Gill filaments united by inter-filament and inter-lamellar junctions.)

FAMILY :- MYIDAE

GENUS :- Mya (Mud clam)

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION

  • It is found in Arctic ocean to Cape Hatteras, San Francisco and Europe.

HABIT AND HABITAT

  • Mya is a marine and burrowing eulamellibranchiate, found between lines and in shallow water in mud flats and under stones.

MYA (MUD CLAM)​

GENERAL CHARACTERSTICS OF MYA (MUD CLAM)​

  • Commonly called as mud-clam. 
  • Body is covered by equal shell valves with hinge ligament resembling Unio. 
  • Periostracum wrinkled.
  • Umbo is found on each shell as raised whitish area, while rest of the shell contains lines of growth. Hinge is weak and valves may be separated. 
  • Foot is reduced and is without byssus threads in adults. 
  • Exhalent and inhalent siphons are partly retractile and covered with periostracum. 
  • Eyes, tentacles and radula are absent. The adductor muscles are isomyrian. 
  • Ligament internal, attached in left valve to prominent shell-like process. Pallial sinus is large.
MYA (MUD CLAM)​

ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE

  • Commonly used as food.

IDENTIFICATION

  • The animal contains Umbo at a raised area and all above characters hence it is Mya.

MYA (MUD CLAM)​
MYA (MUD CLAM)​
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