PERIPLANETA (COCKROACH) ​

CLASSIFICATION OF PERIPLANETA (COCKROACH)

KINGDOM :- ANIMALIA (Multicellular eukaryotic organisms)

PHYLUM :- ARTHROPODA (Jointed appendages.)

CLASS :- INSECTA (3 pairs of legs.)

ORDER :-  BLATTODEA (Straight wings.)

FAMILY :- BLATTIDAE (Wings develop externally. )

GENUS :- Periplaneta

SPECIES :- americana (The common cockroach) 

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION

  • It is found in India, Asia and U.S.A. It has original home in Mexico but has travelled with man to all parts of the world. They flourish chiefly in tropical damp forests but occur throughout the world.

HABIT AND HABITAT

  • It is a nocturnal creature, avoiding the daylight and found in warm and damp places like kitchens, bakeries, hotels, restaurants, godowns, stores, channels and ships, etc.

PERIPLANETA (COCKROACH) ​ DAIGRAM ARTHROPODA

GENERAL CHARACTERSTICS OF PERIPLANETA (COCKROACH)

  • Commonly called as cockroach.
  • Body reddish brown in colour measuring 2.5 cm in length.
  • Body elongated bilaterally symmetrical dorsoventrally flattened. 
  • Body strongly differentiated into dorsal and ventral surface and divided into head, thorax and abdomen.
  • Dorsal surface has following structures :
    1. Head is slightly movable containing of a pair of long sensory antennae and pair of compound.
    2. Thorax divisible into prothorax mesothorax and metathorax. Thorax contains 3 pairs of walking legs, a pair of anterior fore wing, a pair of posterior hind wings. At rest wings remain folded and completely cover thorax and abdomen. 
    3. Abdomen contains 10 segments. 
  • Ventral surface shows following structures:
    1. Tentacles and eyes prominent in head. 
    2. Head contains chewing type of clearly visible mouth parts.
    3. Three pairs of legs in thorax, foreleg, middle leg and hind leg. Each contains coxa, trochantex, femur, tibia, tarsus, claws and pulvillus.
  • Male and female cockroaches are distinguished by the appendages in 10th abdominal segment.
  • Male cockroach has a pair of segmented anal cerci on sides and a pairs of unsegmented anal styles in 10th abdominal segment. 
  • Female cockroach has anal cerci and ovipositor valves.
PERIPLANETA (COCKROACH) ​ DAIGRAM ARTHROPODA

ECONOMIC STATUS

  • These are the most important insect pests of human habitations destroying food and other things leaving behind a disagreable odour. They are regarded on general nuisance and sign of unclean conditions. Cockroaches are not devoid of goodness because they are extensively used for dissections to study invertebrate anatomy. They are also extensively used for physiological, biochemical, and toxicological researches in insects.

IDENTIFICATION

  • The cockroaches are so characteristic that there is no difficulty in indentifying them.

PERIPLANETA (COCKROACH) ​ DAIGRAM ARTHROPODA
PERIPLANETA (COCKROACH) ​ DAIGRAM ARTHROPODA
OUR POSTS
  • WHALE (BALAENOPTERA)​WHALE (BALAENOPTERA)​
    WHALE (BALAENOPTERA)​ CLASSIFICATION OF WHALE (BALAENOPTERA)​ PHYLUM :- CHORDATA (Notochord, dorsal tubular nerve cord present and gill slits present) Group :- CRANIATA (Definite head. Cranium with ...READ MORE
  • ERINACEUS : HEDGEHOGHEDGEHOG (ERINACEUS)
    HEDGEHOG (ERINACEUS) CLASSIFICATION OF ERINACEUS : HEDGEHOG PHYLUM :- CHORDATA (Notochord, dorsal tubular nerve cord present and gill slits present) Group :- CRANIATA (Definite head. Cranium with ...READ MORE
  • ZEBRAZEBRA
    ZEBRA CLASSIFICATION OF ZEBRA PHYLUM :- CHORDATA (Notochord, dorsal tubular nerve cord present and gill slits present ) Group :- CRANIATA ( Definite head. Cranium with brain present ) ...READ MORE
  • MANGOOSE : HERPESTESMANGOOSE : HERPESTES
    MANGOOSE : HERPESTES CLASSIFICATION OF MANGOOSE : HERPESTES PHYLUM :-  CHORDATA (Notochord, dorsal tubular nerve cord present and gill slits present) Group :- CRANIATA (Definite head. Cranium with ...READ MORE
  • WHY ELEPHANTS NEVER FORGETS ?WHY ELEPHANTS NEVER FORGETS ?
    WHY ELEPHANTS NEVER FORGETS ? It’s a not unexpected saying that elephants always remember, and that is why these great creatures are more than just monster strolling on our planet earth. The ...READ MORE
  • SEAL DIAGRAM : PHOCASEAL : PHOCA
    SEAL : PHOCA CLASSIFICATION OF SEAL (PHOCA) PHYLUM :- CHORDATA (Notochord, dorsal tubular nerve cord present and gill slits present) Group :- CRANIATA (Definite head. Cranium with brain present) ...READ MORE
  • HERDMANIA SLIDESHERDMANIA SLIDES
    HERDMANIA SLIDES Herdmania : Metamorphosis : Tadpole Larva Larva of Herdmania is called as tadpole larva. After hatching it leads a free-swimming life for 90-180 seconds and then undergoes ...READ MORE
  • AMMOCOETE LARVA
    CYCLOSTOMATA SLIDES Lamprey : Ammocoete : Larva Whole Mount COMMENTS :- It is one of the stages in the development of lamprey. Egg develops into ammocoete larva, which is a tiny transparent creature ...READ MORE
  • VERTEBRAL COLUMNVERTEBRAL COLUMN
    Vertebral Column Notochord In all chordate embryos, the first axial endoskeleton to appear is a slender, stiff, unsegmented, gelatinous rod, the notochord. It is present below the nerve cord and ...READ MORE
  • SKULL BONESKULL BONES
    SKULL BONES SCOLIODON : SKULL BONES Skull consists of :- (A) Cranium and sense capsules,  (B) Visceral skeleton. 1. Cranium and sense capsules Made up of a single piece of cartilage and divisible ...READ MORE

This Post Has 2 Comments

Leave a Reply