PHYLLIUM (LEAF INSECT)

CLASSIFICATION OF PHYLLIUM (LEAF INSECT)​

KINGDOM :- ANIMALIA (Multicellular eukaryotic organisms)

PHYLUM :- ARTHROPODA (Jointed appendages.)

CLASS :- INSECTA (3 pairs of legs.)

ORDER :-  PHASMATODEA (Straight wings.)

FAMILY :- PHYLLIIDAE

GENUS :-  Phyllium

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION

  • It is almost entirely confined to the moist parts of the Oriental Region, islands of the Indian Ocean and forests of Assam.

HABIT AND HABITAT

  • Phyllium is found in the forests.

PHYLLIUM (LEAF INSECT)​ DIAGRAM ARTHROPODA

GENERAL CHARACTERSTICS OF PHYLLIUM (LEAF INSECT)​

  • Commonly called as leaf insect. 
  • It shows extreme degree of mimicry or camouflage, because its body, wings and even legs are flattened and green coloured like plants. 
  • They resemble and match so much with the foliage on which they feed that they become invisible. Even the wings become veined like leaf veins.
  • Body is divided into head, thorax and abdomen. 
  • Head contains compound eyes and filiform antennae. 
  • Thorax is also small, containing 3 pairs of flattened leaf-coloured legs. Abdomen has 10 segments. 
  • Prothorax short, mesothorax and metathorax elongated and tergum of prothorax called as pronotum is also short. 
  • Males have small, tegmina, well-developed wings and relatively narrow bodies. 
  • In females the tegmina are extensi.ve leaf-like expansions, the wings are vestigial and the body is very much expanded.
PHYLLIUM (LEAF INSECT)​ ARTHROPODA

SPECIAL FEATURES

  • Leaf insect shows mimicry which is a protective device from enemies.

IDENTIFICATION

  • The insect has expanded wings and all above features, hence it is leaf insect.

PHYLLIUM (LEAF INSECT)​ ARTHROPODA
PHYLLIUM (LEAF INSECT)​ ARTHROPODA
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