MACACA MULATA : RHESUS MONKEY
CLASSIFICATION OF MACACA MULATA : RHESUS MONKEY
PHYLUM :- CHORDATA (Notochord, dorsal tubular nerve cord present and gill slits present )
Group :- CRANIATA ( Definite head. Cranium with brain present )
Sub-phylum :- VERTEBRATA ( vertebral column present)
Division :- GNATHOSTOMATA ( Jaws and paired appendages present )
Super class :- TETRAPODA ( Paired limbs, lungs, bony skeleton and cornified skin).
Class :-MAMMALIA ( Body covered with hairs. females have mammary glands ).
Sub-class :- THERIA ( Viviparous ).
Infra class :- EUTHERIA ( Placental mammals, vagina single ).
Order :- PRIMATES( Head turns easily on neck ).
Sub-Order :- ANTHROPOIDEA (Eyes directed forwards ).
Genus : Macaca
Species : mulata
Old world monkeys found in India, China, Vietnam and Asia.
HABIT AND HABITAT
Arboreal (tree living), terrestrial, diurnal
GENERAL CHARACTERSTICS OF MACACA MULATA : RHESUS MONKEY
- Commonly called as Rhesus monkey or Bandar. Body divided into head, trunk, tail and abdomen. Head contains, mouth, eye and nostril.
- Cranium enlarged, nostrils ringed by bare skin.
- Protrusible fascial muscles permit emotional expression.
- Body covered with brownish or golden hairs.
- Nostrils parallel and directed downwards.
- Internal cheek pouched for storing the food.
- Buttocks contain two dried tuberosities with exposed calloused skin.
- Stomach single.
- External ear reduced. Forelimbs and hind limbs well developed.
Monkeys are famous for carricaturing. Trained monkey’s dance provides amusement to children. Rh blood factor was first discovered in monkeys which has great significance in blood transfusions. Monkeys exhibit parental care. Other monkeys are Squirrel monkey (Saimiri), Spider monkey (Ateles), Marmoset (Callithrix) and Langur (Presbystis).
Since the animal contains ischial tuberosities and all above features, hence it is Macaca.
- Book of Practical Zoology VERTEBRATE by S.S.LAL – Rastogi Publications.
- source of images- https://www.ecologyasia.com/verts/mammals/rhesus-macaque.htm
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