CLASSIFICATION OF SCHISTOCERCA GREGARIA (LOCUST)
KINGDOM :- ANIMALIA (Multicellular eukaryotic organisms)
PHYLUM :- ARTHROPODA (Jointed appendages.)
CLASS :- INSECTA (3 pairs of legs.)
ORDER :- ORTHOPTERA (Straight wings.)
FAMILY :- ACRIDIDAE (Wings develop externally. )
GENUS :- Schistocerca
SPECIES :- gregaria
It is commonly found in Africa, Arabia, India, Mexico, Japan, Philippines. Afghanistan and U.S.A.
HABIT AND HABITAT
Schistocerca is solitary, herbivorous insect found abundantly in the green vegetation. It feeds on the grass or leafy vegetation.
GENERAL CHARACTERSTICS OF GRYLLUS (CRICKET)
- Commonly called as the desert locust
- Their colour and form blending with the grass or vegetation among which they live.
- Body is differentiated into head, thorax and abdomen.
- Head lies into prothorax with mouth bent downwards. It contains chewing and biting mouth parts with large compound eyes and short antennae.
- Walking legs are three pairs, adapted for crawling. Posterior legs are modified for crawling. Tarsi 3 or 4 jointed cerci show little segmentation.
- Wings are two pairs; forewings are leathery, while hind wings are membranous and have well developed anal field.
- Abdomen has 11 cylindrical segments and each segment contains a pair of spiracle in ventrolateral position.
- Sexes are separate. Male has anal styles and female is provided with indistinct ovipositor.
- They have stridulating organs and organs of hearing.
- Desert locusts have two phases-
- Solitary or non-migratory phase with yellow colour, and
- Migratory phase with pinkish body. During migratory phase they migrate towards plain green fields.
Harmful insect in 3 ways :
- As crop pest : Grasshoppers always move into new feeding grounds damaging crop and green plantation. Both adults and nymphs destroy succulent vegetation.
- As intermediate host : Locust acts as intermediate hosts for helminth parasites.
- Useful insect : Locust provides food as eggs, nymphs and adults are eaten as food by predatory insects, birds, reptiles, mammals and even man.
The animal has membranous wings and all above characters, hence it is Locust.