CLASSIFICATION OF SYNGNATHUS (PIPE FISH​)

Phylum :- CHORDATA ( Notochord and dorsal tubular nerve cord present and gill-slits present).

Group :- CRANIATA ( Cranium with brain present ).

Subphylum :- VERTEBRATA (Vertebral column present ).

Division :- GNATHOSTOMATA ( Jaws and paired appendages present ).

Super class :- PISCES (Paired fins , gills and skin with scales)

Class :- OSTEICHTHYES ( Bony fishes ).

SUB-CLASS :- ACTINOPTYERGII ( Ray finned fish ).

SUPER ORDER :- TELEOISTEI ( Bony fish proper).

Order :- SOLENICHTHYES ( Pipe-fish and sea horses. Mouth at the end of a tubular snout. Male with brood pouch. Fins minute).

FAMILY :- SYNGNATHIDAE

GENUS :- Syngnathus

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION

  •  Syngnathus is distributed in Atlantic, India and Pacific Oceans

HABIT AND HABITAT

  • Syngnathus is marine, found in brackish water and some in fresh water.
SYNGNATHUS : PIPE FISH​

GENERAL CHARACTERSTICS OF SYNGNATHUS (PIPE FISH​)

  • Commonly known as pipe-fish.
  • Compressed and elongated fish covered by ring-like exoskeletal bands is divided into head, trunk and tail. 
  • Anteriorly half of the head is produced into a suctorial snout having mouth and eyes.
  • Gills reduced. Gill openings very small, near the upper posterior angle of gill cover.
  • Dorsal fin is present having 16 to 20 rays .
  • Tail is long and not prehensile, with a small rounded caudal fin. 
  • Fish swims in vertical position. 
  • Oviparous. Fertilization is external.
  • Males are provided with brood pouch on the ventral side of the abdomen formed by the fold of skin.

SPECIAL FEATURES

Syngnathus shows parental care. The young ones develop in the brood pouch till they hatch.

IDENTIFICATION

This fish has elongated body and above features, hence it is Syngnathus.

SYNGNATHUS : PIPE FISH​
SYNGNATHUS : PIPE FISH​
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