TERMITE

CLASSIFICATION OF TERMITE

KINGDOM :- ANIMALIA (Multicellular eukaryotic organisms)

PHYLUM :- ARTHROPODA (Jointed appendages.)

CLASS :- INSECTA (3 pairs of legs.)

ORDER :- IOSPTERA (wings are equal.)

FAMILY :- TERMITIDAE

GENUS :- termite

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION

  • They are found throughout temperate and tropical countries. They have cosmopolitan distribution.

HABIT AND HABITAT

  • The termites may be wood dwelling or subterranean. They form nests which consist of numberless chambers and galleries having moderately hard walls. The wood dwelling species, excavate galleries in the logs, planks, fences, poles, door frames, furniture and piles of books. The ground dwelling species form nest or termitarium. They feed on cellulose.

TERMITE DIAGRAM INSECT ARTHROPODA

GENERAL CHARACTERSTICS OF TERMITE

  • Commonly called as termite.
  • Body divided into head, thorax and abdomen.
  • Head contains paired compound eyes, paired antennae and a pair of small maxillary palp. 
  • Thorax divisible into prothorax, mesothorax and metathorax. Tergum of prothorax (pronotum) does not cover head. 
  • Thorax contains a pair of short reduced wing stubs and 3 pairs of legs. 
  • Head and thorax comparatively shorter while abdomen is much elongated and swollen for accommodating large number of eggs. Last abdominal segment contains a pair of anal cerci.
  • Mouth parts are of biting type.
TERMITE INSECT ARTHROPODA

SPECIAL FEATURES

  • Termites have caste system, comprising three fertile reproductive castes and two sterile caste. Reproductive system includes 3 forms :

  1. Winged forms having true kings and Queens. Queen termite is a sexually mature female of the colony with elongated abdomen. Queen termite produces large number of eggs. 
  2. Short winged forms having neotenic kings and queens. 
  3. Wingless forms comprising worker like substitute kings and queens.

IDENTIFICATION

  • The insect contains elongated and expanded abdomen and all above characters, hence it is termite.

TERMITE INSECT ARTHROPODA
TERMITE INSECT ARTHROPODA
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