CLASSIFICATION OF TUBIPORA MUSICA​

PHYLUM :- COELENTRATA (Tissue grade, diploblastic and acoelomate. )

CLASS :- ANTHOZOA OR ACTINOZOA (Only polypoid generation. sedentary, solitary, colonial.)

SUB-CLASS :- OCTOCORALLIA (Polyps with 8 tentacles, bioluminescent. )

ORDER :- STOLONIFERA (Polyps not fused and communicate with each other by basal mat. )

GENUS :- Tubipora (Organ pipe coral)

GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION

  • Found abundantly among corals in hot waters of Atlantic-Indian and Pacific ocean.

HABIT AND HABITAT

  • Tubipora is a marine, colonial polypoid Actinozoa found in shallow waters of tropical and temperate regions

TUBIPORA MUSICA​

GENERAL CHARACTERSTICS OF TUBIPORA MUSICA​

  • Commonly called as organ pipe coral and is much calcified anthozoan.
  • Highly calcified coral consisting of compact bright red coloured vertical tubes and transverse platforms.
  • Genus Tubipora occupies an isolated position.
  • Colony is composed of long parallel upright tubes having polyps in living conditions springing from basal plate and through the opening of polyp.
  • Colony is supported by skeletal tubes of fused spicules embracing gastrovascular tubes. The tubes are joined together by transverse partition or stolons forming platforms by fused spicules.
  • Skeleton is internal and is covered by ectoderm in living condition. Tubipora is very favourite museum specimens.
  • Mesogloeal spicules become closely fitted together and form a continuous tube for each polyp.
  • Reproduction by budding. Basal plate expands to give new polyps. 
  • Budding is peculiar. The base of original polyp expands from which new polyps originate. 
  • Living colony contains polyps.
TUBIPORA MUSICA​

IDENTIFICATION

  • The animal contains compact red coloured vertical tubes and all above characters, hence it is Tubipora.
TUBIPORA MUSICA​
TUBIPORA MUSICA​
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